Moscow is the capital of Russia and has approx. 12 million inhabitants. The 12 metro lines run on a network of almost 350 kilometres length usually in a 1.5 to 3 minutes headway. The Moscow metro is regarded as the fastest subway of the world at an average station distance of 1.8 kilometers and a maximum speed of 100 km/h. The line No. 3 has the longest route length: 45 kilometres, which is covered in only 67 minutes. The tram system has a length of more than 180 kilometres, its track gauge is 1,524 millimetres. The tramway network was divided into two parts by builing a new metro line in 1973. Since then, the northwestern part of the network, which covers about 25% of the complete network, has no more connection to the main part. While trams and buses are operated by the municipal transport authority → Mosgortrans (Мосгортранс), a company named → Moskowski metropoliten (Московский метрополитен) was founded for the operation of the metro. Nowadays, there are tickets available which are valid at both operators. It is not anymore required to obtain separate tickets for metro and the other means of transport.
Saint Petersburg (Санкт-Петербург)
Saint Petersburg is Russia's second largest city after the capital Moscow with almost 5 million inhabitants. Until the beginning of the 21st century, it had the largest tram network in the world, with almost 300 kilometres in length. After numerous route closures, it is still one of the Top 5 worldwide with a length of some 230 kilometres. The track gauge is 1.524 mm as usual in Russia. Although the network consists of two subnetworks, it is connected by non-revenue routes. In addition, the city has an almost 120-kilometre-long Metro network. The Metro stations rank among the most elegant in the world. Due to the city's special geology, the metro runs very deeply (mostly 70-100 meters). The trams and trolleybuses are operated by a municipal company named Gorelektrotrans (Горэлектротранс), the metro is operated by "Peterburgski Metropoliten" (Петербургский Метрополитен).
The tramway network of the Ukrainian capital (almost 3 million inhabitants) is bipartite since there isn't any connection by tram over the River Dnepr (Dnipro). Both networks together have a system length of approx. 70 kilometres. For journeys over the river buses, suburban trains or the Metro must be used. Kiev has three Metro (Underground) routes which are also almost 70 kilometres long. Operator of the whole public transport excluding the Metro is a municipal company named → Kyivpastrans, the Metro is operated by → Kyivskyi metropoliten.
Kharkiv (in Russian: Kharkov) is situated in the north-east of Ukraine, only some 30 kilometres away from the Russian border. It is the second-largest city in the country with about 1.5 million inhabitants. It has a more than 100 kilometre long tram network, which is built in Russian broad gauge (1,524 mm). There is also a → Metro (Subway) network consisting of three routes. The first section was inaugurated in 1975, meanwhile it has grown to a length of almost 40 kilometres.
Lviv (Ukrainian: Львів) has a tram network with a system length of almost 40 kilometres. The city has a population of about 700,000 and is located in the western part of Ukraine about 60 kilometres from the Polish border. The trams and trolleybuses are operated by the municipal company ЛКП Львівелектротранс (LKP Lvivelektrotrans).
The city of Odessa with a population of approx. one million is located at the Black Sea and is the most important seaport in Ukraine. It has a tram network of some 100 kilometres consisting of more than 20 routes. The tram is operated by the municipal company → KP Odesgorelektrotrans (КП Одесгорэлектротранс).
The city of Dnipro, which was named Dnipropetrovsk until May 2016, is located in the eastern part of Ukraine and has about 1 million inhabitants. It has a tram network with a length of about 90 kilometres. There is also one Metro route since 1995, which is only 7 kilometres long and has six stations. The trams and trolleybuses are operated by → МКП "Дніпропетровский електротранспорт" (MKP "Dnipropetrovskyj elektrotransport"), the Metro has its own operator called → Днiпропетровский метрополитен (Dnipropetrovskij metropoliten).
Kryvyi Rih (Кривий Ріг)
Kryvyi Rih (Russian: Krivoy Rog) is an industrial city with about 650,000 inhabitants in southern Ukraine. As a special feature, it has an 18 kilometre long "Metrotram" since the 1980s. It is subway-like, without level crossings, partly underground and is a closed system with turnstiles. However, it is not served by metro trains, but by regular trams. Since 2012, the Metrotram is connected to the tram network at the southern terminus of Kil'tseva. At irregular intervals (approximately half-hourly), a train leaves the route and continues its journey in the normal tram network. It is operated by KP "Shvydkisnyi Tramvai" (Швидкісний трамвай).
Vinnytsia is a city of almost 400,000 inhabitants in the western part of Ukraine. It has a tram network with a system length of some 20 kilometres. The trams run on metre-gauge tracks. The trams and trolleybuses are operated by → КП «Вінницьке трамвайно-тролейбусне управління» (KP «Vinnyc'ke tramvajno-trolejbusne upravlinnya»).