Class 218-Precursors (215-217, 225)
The class 218 is the best-known and most-built member of the so-called "V 160 locomotive family". Previously, several smaller series of the classes 215-217 were built in the years 1964-68, which are optically hardly to distinguish, but technically have several deviations. The experiences with these series were integrated into the development of the later "218". The class 215 locos handed over to the freight train division of DB were designated as class 225.
The diesel locomotives, which are unofficially called "Ludmilla", were imported by the GDR from Luhansk in the former Soviet Union (today Ukraine). The Deutsche Reichsbahn (German Reich Railways) named the more than 800 locos as class 130-132. After the German reunification and the founding of Deutsche Bahn AG, they were renamed into class 232-234.
Siemens Eurorunner ER20 (223)
Die "Eurorunner"-Lokfamilie ist eine Serie vierachsiger, dieselelektrischer Lokomotiven von Siemens. Sie wurde ursprünglich für die Österreichischen Bundesbahnen entwickelt, fand jedoch auch auch unter den deutschen Privatbahnen und Lokvermietern mehrere Käufer. Das erste Baujahr dieser Lokomotiven war 2002.
Bombardier Traxx DE (245-246)
Die dieselelektrischen Traxx-Lokomotiven des Herstellers Bombardier sind von den elektrischen Typen der Traxx-Familie (Baureihen 145, 146, 185-187) modular abgeleitet. Die erste Maschine wurde im Jahre 2006 vorgestellt. Die Deutsche Bahn setzt die ersten Loks seit 2014 ein, sie sollen langfristig die Baureihe 218 ersetzen.
V 90-V 100 (211-213, 290-295)
The V 100 series (later known as 211, 213 and 213) was developed at the end of the 1950s by the former German Federal Railways to replace the last steam locomotives on non-electrified branch lines. It was designed for light passenger and freight services up to 100 km/h. The V 90 (later 290-295) was derived from the V 100 in the mid-1960s, but was intended for heavy shunting service. With a maximum speed of 80 km/h, it is also suitable for hauling freight trains for short-distance trips.