Classes 610, 611
The classes 610 to 612 were diesel multiple units constructed for fast regional services with a maximum speed of 160 km/h. The vehicles are equipped with tilting technology which allows a higher speed in track curves. The first German tilting technology trains were class 610 DMU's which were put into service in 1992. Only 20 exemplars were built, which were in operation in the region around Nuremberg. The railcars were withdrawn in 2014 after only 22 years in service. Since the operator DB preferred vehicles which were built exclusively in Germany (components of the class 610 were imported from Italy), the follow-up class 611 was developed by the German manufacturer ADtranz. Due to numerous technical problems with these cars, however, also only 50 units were built. The class 611 was in service until 2019.
From the experiences with the unsuccessful railcars of the classes 610 and 611 the class 612 was developed by Adtranz in cooperation with Bombardier. 192 units were obtained by DB within the years 1998 to 2002. The 612-type vehicles are two-sectional diesel multiple units constructed for fast regional services with a maximum speed of 160 km/h. The cars are equipped with tilting technology, which allows a higher speed in track curves.
Alstom Coradia LINT 54-81 (620/622)
Since 2011, the manufacturer Alstom is building "Coradia LINT" railcars with two bogies under each part of the car and a modified head design. They represent a further development of the LINT 27 / LINT 41-type railcars with Jacobs-type bogies, which were built since 1999. The two-part variant is referred to as LINT 54, the three-part variant as LINT 81 (the number indicates the length in metres). Pictures of the LINT predecessor series are available → here.
Alstom Coradia LINT (640/648)
The "LINT" is a single or multiple unit articulated railcar, which was designed by the german manufacturer Linke-Hofmann-Busch (LHB) and built from 1999. Since 2011, a further developed version with two bogies under each part instead of Jacobs-type bogies and a modified head design is in production, photos of these vehicles called LINT 54 and 81 are available → here.
Pesa Link (632, 633)
The "Link" diesel multiple units have been produced by the Polish manufacturer Pesa since 2012. Due to their distinctive head shape they quickly became known under the nickname "Shark". The two-part version is designated as class 632 in Germany, the three-part version as class 633. In addition to Deutsche Bahn, the Niederbarnimer Eisenbahn also operates vehicles of this type. Outside Germany, they are also in service in the Czech Republic and in various regions of Poland.
Alstom Coradia A TER (641)
The class 641, often named "whale", is a type of railcar developed jointly for the German DB and the French SNCF, which was built between 1999 and 2004. While more than 300 units of the 29-metre-long vehicle were built for the SNCF, only 20 units were acquired by the DB.
Bombardier Talent (643/644)
The "Talent" DMU's were originally developed by the manufacturer Talbot, the name is a German acronym for Talbot leichter Nahverkehrstriebwagen (in English: Talbot light suburban motor-coach). The first trainsets were built in 1996 and because of their elegant appearance also called "regional ICE train". An electric variant is used in Austria and Hungary. DB has obtained the 442 series as an electrical variant from 2011, which is called "Talent 2", but technically represents a complete new development.
Stadler GTW (646)
The multiple unit trainsets of the type GTW (for Gelenktriebwagen - articulated railcar) of the Swiss manufacturer Stadler Rail were designed as a concept with the entire traction technology located in a short intermediate carriage, which is part of a fixed train composition with control cars at both ends. The original front design of the vehicles delivered from 1996 onwards was visually adapted to the "FLIRT", also produced by Stadler, in the earlier 2000s.
Stadler RegioShuttle (650)
Beim "Regio-Shuttle RS1" handelt es sich um einen einteiligen, nur ca. 25 Meter langen Dieseltriebwagen, ab 1996 von ADtranz produziert wurde. Der Wagenkasten der spurtstarken Fahrzeuge ist fachwerkförmig aufgebaut, was ihre charakteristischen, trapezförmigen Fenster bedingt. Bei der Übernahme von ADtranz durch Bombardier im Jahre 2001 musste die Produktion des RegioShuttles aus kartellrechtlichen Gründen abgegeben werden, seither wurden die Fahrzeuge vom Hersteller Stadler gefertigt. Insgesamt wurden bis 2014 fast 500 Stück an zahlreiche deutsche Betreiber sowie an die tschechische Staatsbahn verkauft.
The railbuses of the series 795-798 (former West Germany) and 772 (former East Germany) are light, two-axle diesel railcars for low-cost operation on secondary lines, which were used in the second half of the 20th century in large numbers. The "Uerdinger" railbuses in West Germany were built from the 1950s onwards, the manufacturer MAN developed a model for the non-Federal railways. From the 1960s onwards, the so-called LVT was used in the GDR, often also referred to as a railbus. In the 1990s, they were replaced by modern low-floor diesel units.
Bei den "Integral"-Triebzügen handelt es sich um eine Entwicklung des österreichischen Fahrzeugbauers Jenbacher AG bzw. der dafür gegründeten Tochtergesellschaft Integral Verkehrstechnik AG. Die Fahrzeuge wurden ursprünglich als S-Bahntriebzüge entwickelt und modular aufgebaut. Im Jahr 1998 wurden 17 fünfteilige Züge mit Dieselantrieb an die Bayerische Oberlandbahn (BOB) ausgeliefert, die sie im Flügelzugkonzept von München nach Bayrischzell, Lenggries und Tegernsee einsetzte. Die Fahrzeuge hatten mit erheblichen Startschwierigkeiten wegen zahlreicher Mängel zu kämpfen, deren Beseitigung sich über drei Jahre hinzog. Da der Hersteller 2001 in Konkurs ging, wurden keine weiteren Züge mehr gebaut. Im Sommer 2020 ersetzte die BOB, die mittlerweile als Bayerische Regiobahn BRB auftritt, die komplette Flotte durch "LINT"-Triebwagen von Alstom. Eine neue Heimat fanden sie bei der Regiobahn in Nordrhein-Westfalen, die die gebrauchten Züge als Interimslösung bis zur Elektrifizierung ihrer Strecke Kaarst - Düsseldorf - Mettmann - Wuppertal (Linie S28 der S-Bahn Rhein-Ruhr) dort einsetzt.