Railways / Germany: Electric Locomotives / Siemens Taurus (182-183)
The Siemens ES64U2 or -U4 called "Taurus" is an electric locomotive series from the EuroSprinter loco family. It was developed in the end of the 1990s as a universal locomotive for the Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB). In Germany, almost 100 engines were sold to private operators (mainly MRCE) and 25 to Deutsche Bahn (DB).
Railways / Germany: Diesel Locomotives / Siemens Eurorunner ER20 (223)
Die "Eurorunner"-Lokfamilie ist eine Serie vierachsiger, dieselelektrischer Lokomotiven von Siemens. Sie wurde ursprünglich für die Österreichischen Bundesbahnen entwickelt, fand jedoch auch auch unter den deutschen Privatbahnen und Lokvermietern mehrere Käufer. Das erste Baujahr dieser Lokomotiven war 2002.
Railways / Germany: Diesel Locomotives / Bombardier Traxx DE (245-246)
Die dieselelektrischen Traxx-Lokomotiven des Herstellers Bombardier sind von den elektrischen Typen der Traxx-Familie (Baureihen 145, 146, 185-187) modular abgeleitet. Die erste Maschine wurde im Jahre 2006 vorgestellt. Die Deutsche Bahn setzt die ersten Loks seit 2014 ein, sie sollen langfristig die Baureihe 218 ersetzen.
Railways / Germany: Electric Multiple Units / Stadler FLIRT 3 (427-429)
The FLIRT electric multiple units are manufactured by the Swiss company Stadler Rail AG. The designation FLIRT is an acronym and means "Flinker, leichter, innovativer Regional-Triebzug" (= agile, light, innovative regional multiple unit). The first unit was introduced in 2004. Since then, more than 1,000 units were sold in two to eight-car units in numerous countries. The FLIRT 3, which was inaugurated in 2013, got a completely new front design in addition to numerous further technical developments.You will find photos of these trains → here.
Railways / Germany: Diesel Multiple Units / Alstom Coradia LINT 54-81 (620/622)
Since 2011, the manufacturer Alstom is building "Coradia LINT" railcars with two bogies under each part of the car and a modified head design. They represent a further development of the LINT 27 / LINT 41-type railcars with Jacobs-type bogies, which were built since 1999. The two-part variant is referred to as LINT 54, the three-part variant as LINT 81 (the number indicates the length in metres). Pictures of the LINT predecessor series are available → here.
Railways / Germany: Diesel Multiple Units / Railbuses (772-798)
The railbuses of the series 795-798 (former West Germany) and 772 (former East Germany) are light, two-axle diesel railcars for low-cost operation on secondary lines, which were used in the second half of the 20th century in large numbers. The "Uerdinger" railbuses in West Germany were built from the 1950s onwards, the manufacturer MAN developed a model for the non-Federal railways. From the 1960s onwards, the so-called LVT was used in the GDR, often also referred to as a railbus. In the 1990s, they were replaced by modern low-floor diesel units.
Public Transport / Germany / Bremen
The Hanseatic City of Bremen has over 500,000 inhabitants. Together with Bremerhaven, which is located 50 kilometres to the north, it forms the federal state of Bremen, which is surrounded by Lower Saxony. Bremen's tram network consists of 8 lines, which run on a network of approx. 90 km. Operator of the tram and city buses is the → BSAG (Bremer Straßenbahn AG).
Public Transport / Germany / Karlsruhe
The city of Karlsruhe (about 300,000 inhabitants) has a tram network with a system length of approx. 70 kilometres. Already in 1958, the tram was extended to the surrounding communities for the first time. The metre-gauged Alb Valley Railway reconstructed with standard-gauge tracks, electrified with 750 Volt and converted to operation by tram vehicles. The success encouraged the construction of further interurban tram lines, partly using former railway tracks (today's S1, S11 and S2). In 1992, a new tram-train with dual system vehicles was inaugurated for the first time in the world, which switched between the regular railway network and the city's local tram network near Durlach. This idea was so successful that it has been copied as the "Karlsruhe model" in several regions in Germany and abroad. The tram-train network has grown up to a length of almost 600 kilometers by now, has numerous connections between railway and tram and has also extended to the wider area of Heilbronn. The trams in Karlsruhe are operated by VBK (Verkehrsbetriebe Karlsruhe), the interurban trams and tram-trains by AVG (Albtal-Verkehrsgesellschaft). Both work together in the → KVV (Karlsruher Verkehrsverbund).
Public Transport / Austria, Switzerland / Bern
Bern, the capital of Switzerland (which is referred to as "Bundesstadt" = federal city) has approx. 150,000 inhabitants. It has a tram network with a length of about 30 kilometers. The outer branch of line 6 from Egghölzli to Worb Dorf is dedicated as a railway and belongs to the RBS (Regionalverkehr = Regional Traffic Bern-Solothurn). Therefore, on the line 6 also vehicles of this operator are used in addition to the normal Bern tram vehicles. The inner city tram and bus network as well as the trolley bus routes are operated by the municipal transport company Bern under the brand name → Bernmobil.
Public Transport / Italy / Sassari
The tram of the Sardinian city Sassari (approx. 120,000 inhabitants) consists of only one 4 km long line, which is officially called "Metro Sassari". Between the railway station of Sassari and Santa Maria di Pisa it follows the railway line to Sorso, which also runs on 950 mm wide narrow gauge tracks, for about 2 kilometres. Like the narrow-gauge railway and the tram of the southern Sardinian city of Cagliari, the tramway is operated by → "Trasporti Regionali della Sardegna", abbreviated ARST
Public Transport / Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary / Bratislava
The city of Bratislava is the capital of Slovakia with approx. half a million inhabitants. The tram network has a length of some 40 kilometres and is carried out with metre-gauge tracks. Operator of the public transport in Bratislava is → DPB (Dopravný podnik Bratislava, a.s.)
Public Transport / Croatia, Serbia, BiH / Belgrade (Beograd)
The Serbian capital Belgrade (approx. 1.2 million inhabitants) has a tramway network with a length of about 40 kilometers. The Belgrade tramway runs on metre-gauge tracks. The tram and bus network is operated by the municipal transport company → GSP (Gradsko saobraćajno preduzeće Beograd).